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260 大学院医歯学総合研究科(歯) = Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences (Dental) >
20 紀要 = Departmental Bulletin Paper >
01 新潟歯学会雑誌 = Niigata dental journal >


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Title :味覚外来における味覚障害患者の臨床統計的検討
Title alternative :A Clinical Study of Taste Disorder Patients in Gustatory Outpatient Clinic
Authors :杉田, 佳織
紋谷, 光徳
浅妻, 真澄
加藤, 直子
五十嵐, 敦子
野村, 修一
Publisher :新潟歯学会
Issue Date :Jul-2002
Journal Title :新潟歯学会雑誌
Volume :32
Issue :1
Start Page :19
End Page :25
ISSN :0385-0153
Abstract :Treatment of taste disorder patients was started at our department since gustatory outpatient clinic was opened in October 1999. For the purpose of grasping the clinical features of these patients, a clinical study was performed. Fifty-three patients (17 males and 36 females) who were examined and treated at our gustatory clinic from October 1999 to February 2002 were studied. Patient's age was distributed from 23 to 96 years, and the average age was 66.6 years. The most numerous group consisted in 15 female patients in their 70. The most frequent chief complaint was lack of taste (hypogeusia) and was reported by 18 patients. Among other complaints were bitter taste (pantogeusia) in 12 patients, tongue pain or dry mouth (intraoral conditions not related to taste) in 15 patients, heterogeusia in 3 patients. The diagnosis was drug-induced taste disorder in 10 patients, oral candidiasis in 7 patients, iron deficiency-induced taste disorder in 6 patients, idiopathic and peripheral conduction taste disorders each in 5 patients, and zinc deficiency-induced taste disorder in 3 patients. The treatment mainly consisted in dietary instructions, zinc prescription and oral care. The treatment outcome was investigated using the paper disk method by which a decrease of the psychogeusic threshold for all the tastes was found after treatment in the 14 patients whose chief complaint was a lack of taste. A tendency of quick recovery was observed in the patients who visited our clinic shortly after they have noticed taste-related symptoms. Moreover, since positive effects were obtained by zinc intake in many patients with normal serum zinc level, a latent zinc deficiency was suspected in these patients.
Keywords :taste disorder
zinc deficiency
gustatory test
saliva test
Type Local :紀要論文
Language :jpn
Format :application/pdf
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/10191/23211
fullTextURL :http://dspace.lib.niigata-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/10191/23211/1/NS_32(1)_19-25.pdf
Appears in Collections:01 新潟歯学会雑誌 = Niigata dental journal

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/23211