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Title :Referral from secondary care and to aftercare in a tertiary care university hospital in Japan
Authors :Toyabe, Shin-ichi
Akazawa, Kouhei
Publisher :BioMed Central
Issue Date :Feb-2006
Journal Title :BMC Health Services Research
Volume :6
Start Page :11-1
End Page :11-9
ISSN :1472-6963
Abstract :Background: In Japan, all citizens are covered by the national insurance system in which universal free access to healthcare services is promised to everybody. There are no general physicians or gatekeepers in the Japanese healthcare system. Methods: We studied the pattern of referral of inpatients from secondary care hospitals to a tertiary care university hospital and the reverse referral under the situations using a geographic information system (GIS), taking paediatric inpatients as an example. Results: The results showed that 61.2% of the patients were directly admitted to the hospital without referral from other hospitals or clinics and that 82.8% of the inpatients were referred to the outpatient department of the hospital to which they had been admitted. GIS analysis for the inpatients service area showed the hospital functions as both a secondary care hospital and tertiary care hospital. Patients who lived near the hospital tended to be admitted directly to the hospital, and patients who lived far from the hospital tended to utilize the hospital as a tertiary care provider. There were territorial disputes with other secondary care hospitals. To estimate spatial differences in referral to aftercare, we analyzed the spatial distribution of inpatients with focus on their length of hospital stay (LOS). GIS analysis revealed apparent foci of patients with long LOS and those with low LOS. Conclusion: These results suggest that the function of university hospital in Japan is unspecialized and that the referral route from the university hospital to aftercare is also unequipped.
Type Local :学術雑誌論文
Language :eng
Format :application/pdf
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/10191/26649
fullTextURL :http://dspace.lib.niigata-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/10191/26649/1/1472-6963-6-11.pdf
DOI :info:doi/10.1186/1472-6963-6-11
Rights :(C) 2006 Toyabe and Kouhei; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Appears in Collections:10 査読済論文 = Postprint

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10191/26649